Nghiên cứu sinh Bounkham Vorachit bảo vệ luận án tiến sĩ
THÔNG TIN TRUY CẬP BUỔI BẢO VỆ BẰNG HÌNH THỨC TRỰC TUYẾN QUA MSTEAMS
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ORIGINAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE DISSERTATION
Dissertation title: ASSESSMENT OF PAYMENT FOR ECOLOGICAL SERVICE (PES) SCHEME IN LAO PDR: THE CASE OF NAM KADING PROTECTED AREA, BOLIKHAMXAY PROVINCE
Specialization: Bussiness Administration Specialization code: 9340101
PhD Candidate: Bounkham Vorachit
Supervisors: 1. Assoc. Prof. Dr. Dinh Duc Truong 2. Prof. Dr. Tran Tho Dat
Payment for Forest Ecological Services (PFES) is an innovation policy in forest resource management in Laos since it was applied in the country recently. This thesis is a case study assessing the impact of PFES policy in Nam Kadding Protected Area (NKPA), Bolikamxay Province, Laos. The study surveyed 150 households in NKNPA buffer zone communes combined with in-depth interviews with key informants. The results show that the impacts of PFES policy on local communities are very large, contributing to increasing incomes for local ethnic minorities, eradicating poverty, promoting sustainable forest management and protection, raising people's awareness about forest conservation, and contributing to the construction of local public facilities. The study also implements the Contingent Valuation Method (CVM) for estimating the willingness to pay of local households in participating the PFES mechanism.
The study results shows that benefit-sharing mechanism from PFES is not so transparent. Local people have little voice in decisions about benefit-sharing and monitoring the allocation of funds from PFES. PFES also encountered some technical problems in its implementation. The study made some suggestions to the PFES system at NKPA, focusing on enhancing the role of the community in benefit sharing and monitoring of PFES implementation, building a participatory PFES assessment and monitoring mechanism, accelerating the allocation of forest land use rights to community, and application of a trading mechanism for other types of environmental services such as landscape beauty and carbon sequenstration. In addtion, the thesis also make some recommendations for further improvement of PFES in Laos including (i) Explicitly exempt supply actions that produce ES performed under a PES scheme from land use registration. (ii) Explicitly remove land use restrictions for supply actions performed under a PES scheme on Agricultural Land that is allocated to individuals and villages or expand the range of land use options available on Agricultural Land, and ensure that the options are in accordance with current policies for poverty reduction and environmental protection.(iii) Remove land use restrictions for supply actions performed under a PES scheme on Forestland that is allocated to individuals and villages or expand the range of land use options available on Forestland, and ensure that the options available are in accordance with current policies for poverty reduction and environmental protection (iv) Extend the incentives provided for forest protection, forest regeneration and tree planting to any supply actions performed on any land category under a PES scheme and (vi) Support potential PES suppliers who are holders of Temporary Land Use Certificates to apply for Land Use Titles through awareness rising initiatives, a reduction of associated costs, and the removal of access barriers.